The Public Health Agency of Canada defines an eating disorder as “a serious disturbance in eating behaviour – either eating too much or too little – in addition to great concern over body size and shape”.
Eating disorders are not a function of will. They are unhealthy eating patterns that “take on a life of their own”. Voluntary eating of smaller or larger food portions is common, but for some people this develops into a compulsion where eating behaviours become extreme.
Gambling addiction (also known as problem gambling) is gambling behavior which causes disruptions in any major area of life: psychological, physical, social or vocational. The term “problem gambling” includes, but is not limited to, the condition known as “pathological” or “compulsive” gambling, a progressive addiction characterized by increasing preoccupation with gambling, a need to bet more money more frequently, restlessness or irritability when attempting to stop, “chasing” losses, and loss of control manifested by continuation of the gambling behavior in spite of mounting negative consequences.
Sexual addiction is a pattern of sexual behaviours that are out of control and continued despite negative consequences. As in other addictions, changes in brain chemistry are at the core of the addiction. In sex addiction, the changes are caused by sexual behavior and fantasizing about sex or romantic activities. Even on-line romances become addictive when they become a substitute for reality or a way to escape reality.
An intervention is a structured method of assisting an individual who has resisted others’ previous attempts to help them treat a drug or alcohol problem. An intervention’s objective is to confront a person in a non-threatening way so they see their self-destructive behavior and how it affects themselves, family, and friends. A well-executed intervention is professionally facilitated by an interventionist: an individual with expertise in drug and alcohol counselling and specific training in the intervention process.
Canadadrugrehab.ca is a free online directory listing of alcohol and drug rehab programs and other addiction-related services located in Canada. If you wish to locate alcohol and drug treatment services in your home community please remember you have two options: (1) government-funded treatment or (2) private treatment.
Government-funded treatment advantages are that there is no cost for outpatient or medical treatment while residential treatment is free or low cost (typically less than $100 a day). The disadvantages of government treatment include: (1) the need of a referral from your family doctor or from a government-funded mental health clinic, (2) wait lists and (3) the division of medical services (detox) and residential services.
The main private treatment advantages are prompt admission, longer treatment episodes, the ability to choose your therapist or treatment centre, no geographical restriction, integrated medical and residential services, etc. The disadvantages. of course, are costs which can range from $50 to $200 per hour for a private practice therapist (depending on their qualifications and experience) or $150 to $500 per day for private residential treatment.